A complete national program for protection against the chemical and biological warfare (CBW) threat must include elements for rapid response to such a threat. In the event of a domestic CBW attack, technologies to quickly decontaminate the area are necessary for two main reasons. First, the initial responders to the scene must be able to quickly decontaminate the area to a safe level so that casualties can be treated and evacuated. Second, a rapid, and complete restoration of the affected facilities is necessary so that they can be readied for re-use in a timely manner without loss of critical and expensive equipment. Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) has responded to this national initiative to combat the domestic CBW threat by developing an aqueous decon formulation.